15, 16 & 19/04/2024 : Jérémy Faupin + Sébastien Breteaux @ PoliMi

Monday, April 15, 2024 - 14:15 , Tuesday, April 16, 2024 - 14:15 and Friday, April 19, 2024 - 10:30
Sala Consiglio, D-Mat
Politecnico di Milano
Ed. 14 "Nave", Campus Leonardo


SPEAKER: Jérémy Faupin & Sébastien Breteaux (Institut Élie Cartan de Lorraine – Université de Metz)


Number of bound states for fractional Schrödinger operators

Estimating the number of bound states (i.e. the number of negative eigenvalues counting multiplicities) of the two-body Schrödinger operator -Δ+V(x) on L²(ℝᵈ) constitutes a rich problem that has attracted lots of attention in the mathematical literature. This series of lectures will focus on bounds on the number of bound states for fractional Schrödinger operators (-Δ)ˢ+V(x) on L²(ℝᵈ), for any s>0 and in any spatial dimension d≥1. In the subcritical case s<d/2, we will in particular review the celebrated Cwikel-Lieb-Rozenblum bounds, while in the super-critical case s≥ d/2, we will report on a recent joint work with V. Grasselli.

This initiative is part of the “PhD Lectures” activity of the project “Departments of Excellence 2023-2027” of the Department of Mathematics of Politecnico di Milano. This activity consists of seminars open to PhD students, followed by meetings with the speaker to discuss and go into detail on the topics presented at the talk.

18/03/2024: Zhituo Wang @ UniMi

Monday, March 18, 2024 - 11:15
Aula Dottorato (first floor)
Dipartimento di Matematica
Università degli Studi di Milano
Via Cesare Saldini 50

SPEAKER: Zhituo Wang (Harbin Institute of Technology)


Constructive renormalizations of the 2-D Honeycomb-Hubbard model

In this talk I will present some recent progress on the construction of ground state of the 2-dimensional Hubbard model, which is a prototypical model for studying phase transitions in quantum many-body system. Using fermionic cluster expansions and constructive renormalization theory, we proved that the ground state of the 2-d Hubbard model on the honeycomb lattice with triangular Fermi surfaces is not a Fermi liquid in the mathematical precise sense of Salmhofer. I will also discuss the crossover phenomenon in the 2-d square Hubbard model and universalities. This presentation is based on the work arXiv:2108.10852, CMP 401, 2569–2642(2023) and arXiv:2303.13628.

04 & 07/03/2024 : Stefan Teufel @ PoliMi

Monday, March 4, 2024 - 14:15 and Thursday, March 7, 2024 - 10:15
Sala Consiglio
Dipartimento di Matematica
Politecnico di Milano
Ed. 14 "Nave", Campus Leonardo


SPEAKER: Stefan Teufel (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen)


Quantisation of Hall conductivity in infinite interacting fermion systems

Understanding the exact quantisation of the experimentally observed Hall
conductivity has led to many interesting developments also in mathematical
physics and to two Nobel prizes in physics. Although the problem is now more
than 40 years old, significant progress has been made on a rigorous level for
interacting systems in the last ten years. In my talk I will briefly review
some of the mathematical highlights of this development and then present a new result: We consider infinite systems of interacting electrons on a lattice
governed by a translation-invariant Hamiltonian with a unique gapped ground
state. Using the NEASS approach, we show that the Hall conductivity of such a
system at zero temperature is given by a many-body version of the famous
double-commutator formula without power-law corrections. We also show that this formula takes only quantised values. The main novelty compared to
existing mathematical results is that we consider the conductivity instead of
the conductance, and that working directly in infinite volume simplifies and
clarifies some arguments, provided one is willing to work in the C^*-algebraic
framework used in the mathematical description of such systems.

In the first lecture I will mainly talk about the history of the problem and set up the mathematical framework. In the second lecture I will present the new results. The latter are based on joint work with Giovanna Marcelli, Tadahiro Miyao, Domenico Monaco and Marius Wesle.

This initiative is part of the “PhD Lectures” activity of the project “Departments of Excellence 2023-2027” of the Department of Mathematics of Politecnico di Milano. This activity consists of seminars open to PhD students, followed by meetings with the speaker to discuss and go into detail on the topics presented at the talk.

28/2/2024: Filippo Boni @ UnIns

Wednesday, February 28, 2024 - 9:45
Aula V2.10
Dipartimento di Scienza e Alta Tecnologia
Università degli Studi dell'Insubria
Via Valleggio 11, Como

SPEAKER: Filippo Boni (Scuola Superiore Meridionale)


Normalized ground states for Nonlinear Schrödinger equations on metric graphs

In this talk we present some results about the existence of normalized ground states on noncompact metric graphs for nonlinear Schrödinger equations involving possibly both a standard power nonlinearity and delta nonlinearities located at the vertices of the graph. In the first part, we review some results when the sole standard nonlinearity is present.
In the second part, we present more recent results, both when only delta nonlinearities at the vertices are considered and when standard and delta nonlinearities coexist. In the first case, we show that the ground state problem strongly depends on the degree of periodicity of the graph, the total number of delta nonlinearities and their dislocation in the graph. In the second case, we highlight that the existence of ground states is strongly affected by the value of the mass, the relation between the powers of the two nonlinear terms and by topological and metric properties of the graph itself. These results have been obtained in collaboration with R. Adami, S. Dovetta and E. Serra (Politecnico di Torino).

04/03/2024: Joachim Kerner @ UniMi

Monday, March 4, 2024 - 11:15
Sala di Rappresentanza
Dipartimento di Matematica
Università degli Studi di Milano
Via Cesare Saldini 50

SPEAKER: Joachim Kerner (FernUniversität in Hagen)


On Bose-Einstein Condensation in the Random Kac-Luttinger Model

This talk is concerned with a random many-particle model originally considered by Kac and Luttinger in 1973 in order to study a well-known quantum phase transition known as Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC). Generally speaking, to understand this phase transition in interacting many-particle systems is a current hot topic in mathematical physics. However, due to the complexity of the underlying random one-particle model, the nature of the BEC in the non-interacting Kac-Luttinger model was understood only recently based on results obtained by Alain-Sol Sznitman (ETH). In this talk, our goal will be to understand the impact of repulsive two-particle interactions on this condensate. We will see that, due to the spatial localization of the condensate, strong enough interactions will immediately destroy it. On the other hand, for two-particle interactions of a mean-field type, we prove BEC in the interacting Kac–Luttinger model into a minimizer of a Hartree-type functional. This talk is based on joint work with C. Boccato (Milan), M. Pechmann (Tennessee), and W. Spitzer (Hagen).

The seminar is part of the activities of the project PRIN 2022AKRC5P “Interacting Quantum Systems: Topological Phenomena and Effective Theories” financed by the European Union – Next Generation EU.

06/02/2024: Marco Olivieri @ PoliMi

Tuesday, February 6, 2024 – 14:15
Sala Consiglio
Dipartimento di Matematica
Politecnico di Milano
Ed. 14 “Nave”, Campus Leonardo


SPEAKER: Marco Olivieri (University of Copenhagen)


A novel method for the derivation of the free energy expansion of the Bose gases

We present an innovative method to derive the expansion of the free energy
density of a dilute Bose gas in thermodynamic regime in dimension three. In the first part of the talk, we give a gentle introduction on the thermodynamic limit as the optimal tool for the macroscopic derivation of the thermodynamics from the quantum statistical mechanics. In the second part of the talk, we will focus our attention on the macroscopic behavior of Bose gases, which have a phase transition to Bose Einstein condensates for low temperature. We then study a gas of many bosons interacting through a spherical, pairwise, positive potential. Using a combination of the renormalization of the potential, the Neumann localization and Bogoliubov diagonalization, we derive a lower bound for the second order expansion of the free energy.

This initiative is part of the “PhD Lectures” activity of the project “Departments of Excellence 2023-2027” of the Department of Mathematics of Politecnico di Milano. This activity consists of seminars open to PhD students, followed by meetings with the speaker to discuss and go into detail on thetopics presented at the talk.

Lecture Series: Alessandro Giuliani @ PoliMi

Monday, Jan 15, 2024 – 15:00 Aula Seminari III piano (III fl)
Wednesday, Jan 17, 2024 – 15:00 Sala Consiglio (VII fl)
Mathematics Department, Politecnico di Milano
Ed. 14 (Nave), Campus Leonardo, Milano, Italy


SPEAKER: Alessandro Giuliani (Università degli Studi di Roma Tre)


Universality of the critical conductivity of the Haldane-Hubbard model

The Haldane model is a standard tight binding model describing electrons hopping on a hexagonal lattice subject to a transverse, dipolar, magnetic field. We consider its interacting version and study the critical case at the transition between the trivial and the “topological” insulating phases. In previous works,
we proved the quantization of the critical longitudinal conductivity for weak enough interaction strength. We now report a recent extension of the result to the critical transverse conductivity, which turns out to be quantized at half-integer values, irrespective of the interaction strength. Proofs are based on a combination of constructive Renormalization Group methods and exact lattice Ward Identities. Joint works with S. Fabbri, V. Mastropietro, M. Porta, R. Reuvers.

The talk will be divided in two parts: in part 1, motivations, main results and main ideas of the proof will be stated and explained. Part 2 will be more technical and will discuss in more detail some selected aspects of the proof.

This initiative is part of the “PhD Lectures” activity of the project “Departments of Excellence 2023-2027” of the Department of Mathematics of Politecnico di Milano. This activity consists of seminars open to PhD students, followed by meetings with the speaker to discuss and go into detail on the topics presented at the talk.

25/01/2024: Amirali Hannani @ UniMi

Thursday, January 25, 2024 - 11:15
Sala di Rappresentanza
Dipartimento di Matematica
Università degli Studi di Milano
Via Cesare Saldini 50

SPEAKER: Amirali Hannani (KU Leuven)


Localization and Poisson statistics in the “avalanche model”

The “avalanche model” aka “quantum sun model” has been introduced as a toy model to study the stability of the MBL (Many-body localized) phase. Strong numerical and theoretical heuristics suggest a localization-delocalization transition in this family of models varying a natural parameter $\alpha$. We prove localization (in the many-body sense) and Poisson statistics for this model given $\alpha$ sufficiently small. In this talk, first I give some general preliminaries about MBL (Many-body localization) which motivate the above-mentioned model. Then I introduce the model and recall certain numerical “facts” about the localized phase. Finally, I state our theorem concerning localization and Poisson statistics and give some ideas about the proof which rests on showing certain weak information about the absence of level-attractions in this model. This is a joint work with Wojciech De Roeck (KU Leuven).

26/02/2024: Emanuela Giacomelli @ UniMi

Monday, February 26, 2024 - 11:15
Sala di Rappresentanza
Dipartimento di Matematica
Università degli Studi di Milano
Via Cesare Saldini 50

SPEAKER: Emanuela Giacomelli (LMU München)


The low density Fermi gas in three dimensions

In recent decades, the study of many-body systems has been an active area of research in both physics and mathematics. In this talk we consider a system of N interacting fermions with spin 1/2 confined in a box in the dilute regime. We are interested in studying the correlation energy, defined as the difference between the energy of the fundamental state and that of the free Fermi gas. We will discuss some recent results on a first-order asymptotic for the correlation energy in the thermodynamic limit, where the number of particles and the size of the box are sent to infinity while keeping the density fixed. In particular, we will present some recent results for the correlation energy that go in the direction of a rigorous proof of the well-known Huang-Yang formula of 1957.

15/01/2024: Clara Torres Latorre @ UniMi

Monday, January 15, 2024 - 11:15
Aula 9
Dipartimento di Matematica
Università degli Studi di Milano
Via Cesare Saldini 50

SPEAKER: Clara Torres Latorre (Universitat de Barcelona)


Regularity theory for elliptic and parabolic PDE

In this talk, we’ll explore how regularity theory is crucial for understanding partial differential equations (PDEs), and how it has consequences in physics and numerical analysis. We’ll first focus on why regularity matters, then take elliptic and parabolic PDEs as examples to talk about classical and recent regularity results. The goal is to give a practical overview, explaining when PDE solutions are smooth or singular.