30/5/2022: Laurent Lafleche @ UniMi

May 30, 2022, 16:30 (non-standard time)
Sala di Rappresentanza
Mathematics Department, University of Milan
Via Cesare Saldini 50, Milano, Italy

SPEAKER: Laurent Lafleche (U Texas at Austin)

Semiclassical regularity and mean-field limit
with singular potentials

In this talk I will present several techniques and concepts used in the context of the mean-field and the classical limit allowing to go from the N -body Schrödinger equation with singular potential to the Hartree–Fock and Vlasov equations, linked to works in collaboration with Chiara Saffirio and Jacky Chong. At the level of the Vlasov–Poisson equation, typical mean-field techniques from quantum mechanics for pure states can be translated to a weak-strong stability estimate in L^1 for the Vlasov equation. Another weak-strong stability can be obtained for the difference of the square roots of the solutions in L^2. They allow to better understand the mean-field and semiclassical estimates. These estimates are weak-strong in the sense that they require only the regularity of one of the solutions. This requires the propagation of a semi-classical notion of regularity uniformly in N and h. A typical obstacle is the lack of positivity of the Wigner transform and its few conserved quantities. A solution to this problem is to consider operators as the right generalization of the phase space distribution, and a quantum analogue of Sobolev spaces defined using Schatten norms. The advantage of these techniques is that they allow to obtain regularity estimates without higher order error terms.