November 29, 2021, 14:00 Aula Seminario III Piano Politecnico di Milano Building 14 (Nave), Campus Leonardo P.zza da Vinci 32, Milano, Italy
SPEAKER: Marcello Porta (SISSA Trieste)
Correlation energy of mean-field Fermi gases
In this talk I will discuss the ground state properties of homogeneous, interacting Fermi gases, in the mean-field scaling. In this regime, Hartree-Fock theory provides a good approximation for the ground state energy of the system; this approximation is based on the replacement of the space of fermionic wave functions with the smaller set of Slater determinants, where the only correlations among the particles are those induced by the Pauli principle. I will discuss a rigorous approach that allows to go beyond the Hartree-Fock approximation, and that in particular allows to compute the leading order of the correlation energy, defined as the difference between the many-body and Hartree-Fock ground state energies. The expression we obtain reproduces the ground state energy of a non-interacting Bose gas, and agrees with the prediction of the random-phase approximation. The proof is based on a rigorous bosonization method, that allows to describe the particle-hole excitations around the Fermi surface in terms of a quasi-free Bose gas. Joint work with N. Benedikter, P. T. Nam, B. Schlein and R. Seiringer.